Sunday, July 21, 2013

Free Will and Quantum Mechanics: Does Free-Will Exist for Us?

     As the days pass by and I sit and think about life and the concept of whether human beings possess the ability to determine their own destiny, ideas pass in and out my mind about how I feel while taking in the countless ideas of what other people, both laymen and scientific figures have to say, but in the end, I truly believe in myself and my own thoughts.  In the holy books that were spoken and passed on around a millennia ago, the prophets who are said to have gotten their ideas directly from the mind of God, but in reality they probably just retrieved them from their own conscience and conscious thought in their own mind, said that God allowed us, mankind, to have free will or the ability to think for ourselves while possessing the concept of right and wrong.  The creator shows us in our heart, soul, and mind what is the right path for each one of us to align to like the stars in the night sky, but just like gravitational attraction, rogue ideas just like rogue objects across the vast sea of space of consciousness and reality, upset this beautiful alignment of objects and ideas that shine in the vast portrait of the sky and mind alike, we can be knocked off course by bad thoughts and ideas that reign over our minds.  These rogue ideas can come upon our minds for variety of reasons have it be addiction: addiction to hate, mind-altering substances, self-interest, power, and greed.  In the end, what crosses my mind everyday as I sit alone, day after day, for I've separated myself from the world again to think in hopes that my thoughts take me in a direction that I wish to travel to is this, Do, we as self-aware beings, truly possess free will to think and make decisions for ourselves, or is our life and serious of events between our birth and death, already planned out by a higher power in the universe?

           Governments and economic powers on this great planet, for as far back as I can remember in history, have always tried to suppress free-thinking and independent thought.  This idea of free and open thought among members of society can and will bring about social, cultural, and economic change although it does not come with ease when ideas of change clash with the mountain of suppression among members of the status-quo.  Free will in my opinion, even if we as a race figure out its true existence in our realm of thought, will always be debated by all of mankind.  Those who think free will does not exist will live in a reality that suggests that thought while those who believe in their mind it does exist will live in a reality where free will does exist.  Is it possible that we as self-aware beings are the Creators that we worship in our own mind?

Quantum Mechanics is quite confusing for a variety of reasons.  When studying photons and other individual particles, they travel in directions known as vectors quantities.  When you release single particles within a box with detectors on all sides, one can calculate the direction and probability of where the particle will end up, and the total amplitude of the particular particle.  Most particles when released into a vacuum chamber with no forces acted on the box from within will go in a straight line, while a few will skew off in random directions while the probability is very low.  You can calculate algebraically such amplitudes of vectors or trajectories by calculating the directions along (x,y,z).  The vector is equal to the square root of the absolute sum along all 3 directions. (x,y,z)  With A being the vector, you would do |A| =

|A| = 3^2+3^2+9^2 =9+9+81 = 99
|A| = √99 = 9.95= the vector.
*Note vectors have magnitude and direction while scalars only have magnitude, but no direction.
As the particle bounces off the top of the box in a vacuum, it will continue in another vector trajectory which again can be calculated in the same manner, and |B| can be added to |A| to give the total amplitude of the particle we are talking about.  We can correlate the probability and amplitude of microscopic particles to macroscopic events of life.  Just as particles released into an event just as humans are, the probability of going in a straight trajectory, or in the case of a human, making the right decision for a given situation, is not always 100%, where the trajectory of a given vector or event has a limit from 1 to infinity where there is almost an infinite amount of trajectories or decisions in which one can go in.  In this situation, free-will is evident because it appears that man has the ability to choose his/her path along the line of life, where one can go along the right path, but at the same time, there is a probability that one may stray off the path that is perceived to be the right direction in which one should go in.
There are some that believe free-will, scientifically speaking, does not exist.  It is believed that at the beginning of the universe, all events that are to occur subsequently are all pre-determined.  Many say that God, or the creator, has a master plan for all of the cosmos, and that the lives of all of us are already pre-determined before they even happen making time and causality non-existent because it seems as though events all happen simultaneously because they already happen before they happen as if the past, present, and future are all manifestations of which the human mind perceives to be separate events in time because we move at relativistic velocities.  If this is true, how come humans, as intelligent beings, cannot see our future in its fullness or did the creator not intend us to see the events of our reality before they occur? At the same time, we all experience deja vu, where we dream both consciously and subconsciously of events that we foresee in the past that actual happen in the future as if the future happens before it happens.  After a reading a book by a famous neuro-scientist, I came to find out that the brain contains almost an equivalent amount of particles as the known universe. It seems as though in a quantum computational sense, that information can be calculated and determined instantly, making time non-existent, allowing the human mind able to calculate and foresee its own future before it even happens.  With that being said, free-will does exist because we once again are the creators of our own reality due to the computational power of the human mind, and that the ability of the human mind, once truly used to its fullest, has the ability to dictate its own events of the past, present, and future, but due to social and psychological conditioning of the human race, we allow society and individuals to dictate our thoughts rather than believing in our own thought process correlated with free-will.
In the end, who am I, just an average 24 year old young man, to determine the mind of the universe and each of our brains, and whether the events of whatever size and magnitude are able to be pre-determined within our minds nor will I ever try to tell someone their thoughts on the subject are right or wrong.  At the same time, whether probability rules or the Creator pre-determines our decisions, it is perceived within my mind that I live with the ability to have and use my free-will in determining my life's decisions.  It may be radical to think within my thought processes that we as humans, have the ability to calculate and subsequently create our own reality in our physical world prior to it happening, this ideology theorizes free-will either scientifically or philosophically does exist, but only if we believe it exists in each of our free and independent minds, but will the day come when we think as one world telepathically where our computational power together will exceed limits never imagined possible.

Monday, July 8, 2013

Are There Other Earths Out There and Can We Get To Them?

As we, human beings have evolved over time, our thinking processes have significantly changed.  As early land dwellers of the African Rift around 6 million years or so ago, our early ancestors were nomads who's only goal or thought process was to feed and protect oneself and one's family.  As time passed and our brains evolved, we became more logical creatures capable of many new things such as making weapons, creating a means of communication, and even exploring across the interconnected continents of what are now, Africa, Asia, and Europe.  From nomads we progressed into civilized beings who settled areas in which grew into communities, towns, and eventually mega-cities of which we are accustomed to living, commuting, or vacationing to today.  The ambition of the human race to explore our boundaries of this great Earth has showed no limits to our race across the sands of time and land.  We have endured great challenges and triumphs that have pushed our race to the limits of our very existence, but like any determined civilization we lived on to tell the tale of the history of mankind.  We lay at yet another forefront of our existence as intelligent creatures.  I'd like to think that mankind will live on for millions if not billions of years from now, but as always, time will only tell.  Will our barbaric, competitive, and overall cut-throat society evolve into a civilization that looks past our primitive mindset of hate, jealousy, and ignorance to see the light shine on such an amazing creation of which we truly are?  Each one of us is a diamond in the rough, yet few realize just how special each of us truly are.  This leads me think about Earth and just how special she really is, or is she? Is Earth apart of a rare breed of planets or one of trillions if not quadrillions of Earth-like planets in the known universe that we live in and whether we live in a multi-verse  of universes is speculation since we’ve never gone outside this realm of existence, but theoretically speaking there could be an infinite number of Earth-like planets with an infinite amount of intelligent life forms living within this multi-verse and this is absolutely mind-blowing to even ponder within our minuscule minds.
Is Earth the first, final, and only destination of the human race?  The first part of that question is quite puzzling for i do not know as much about ancient history of the human race as I should.  It comes with speculation that human beings have been inter-bred with alien races thousands of years ago to create hybrid human beings, but based on my knowledge of the subject i cannot say more simply because i am rather ignorant to the subject matter.  As we grow technologically and scientifically at such an alarming and in quite an awe-inspiring manner, one cannot help but contemplate the future inhabitants of us humans.  Will we go on to colonize space in the next half century?  It is only logical to think that in order we us as a race to live on, we must branch out from our origins just as our ancestors did millions of years ago from the African Rift.  Our planet is far too small, and our scientific advances far too advanced in terms of human life expectancy to have all of us stay on Earth forever, it just is not possible.  The question rises, who will get to go?  Will it be those who are significantly wealthy and powerful who get to branch out upon the last frontier of human exploration?  Will it be those who possess the tools and the knowledge to survive out on the wild frontier who first get to leave the gravitation grip of Earth for good? I read of a man who is designing the first stage of an interstellar space travel in which his craft will go 123,000 mph, give or take a thousand miles per hour.  I even designed a craft based off nuclear fusion and anti-matter that could maybe even surpass this speed, but anti-matter is rather expensive to produce, and even within a strong magnetic field , it is still hard to store it for long periods of time.  In order to get to a nearby star within our life-time we'd have to design and build a space-craft that traveled nearly half the speed of light.   

  t= t0/(1-v^2/c^2)^1/2

t = time observed in other reference frame on Earth
t0 = time observed by person in space
v = velocity of moving object
c= speed of light in a vacuum
So if an observer on the space craft is gone for 20 years is moving at .50c, then the solution would be
t = 20/(1-(.50c)^2/c^2)^1/2
t = 20/.75^1/2      (the c^2's cancel out during this step because .50c^2 cancels out c^2 so your left with .                          75^1/2)
t =  23 years of time elapsed on Earth, and that time grows larger for someone stationary on Earth as the space traveler moves towards the speed of light in the craft which is 186,000 miles per second.

In terms of special relativity, as one gets closer to the speed of light, one moves slower in time, yet as an object gets closer to the speed of light, the objects mass increases towards infinity as a function of velocity, yet one must accelerate and decelerate in an uniform velocity due to the gravitational forces exerted by the crafts propulsion system where acceleration can be seen as the same as gravity. Thankfully with new nuclear fusion technology, we may one day build a fusion reactor on a spacecraft that can create enough energy off from water or solar energy to create enough electricity to power lasers to start the fusion process, so that thought of interstellar travel or at least interplanetary travel isn't as far-fetched as one is led to believe.  In the end, if one is able to produce a spacecraft able that can create a magnetic field, and people are willing to procreate on board, and we have the financial backing, and the technology to do so, the stars are the limit for the human race.

What also crosses my mind quite often these days since a group of my students asked me awhile back if I thought there were Earth-like planets out there in the galaxy or universe.  I replied to them that statistics alone rules that there must be other Earth-like or habitable planets out there.  Each star has its own Goldi-Lock zone in which the temperature of a given planet is just right in which it is capable of having liquid water, which in my opinion, is a necessity for life.  I told my students that day I would go home and do the math for them to see how many Earth like planets there are in the universe, and the number is absolutely crazy.  Given the fact that not all galaxies are the same size and some are much more hostile considering there are galaxies that are in their infancy or colliding/merging with other galaxies the number is just a ballpark estimate, but here's the basic math: 6 X 10^10 habitable planets in our galaxy(60 billion) x 1x10^11(100 billion galaxies) = 6 x 10^21 possible habitable planets in the known universe.  6,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 possible planets exist In the universe that could harbor life if they don’t already do.  Although not every habitable planet may not be suitable for us to live on, it is completely irrational to think that we could not diffuse the human race across the nearby galaxy.  In the realm of physics, matter tends to move from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration, so why shouldn't this law not apply to human beings, it seems only logical to increase the chances of the survival of us as intelligent beings?

The newly discovered exoplanet is actually about 1.5 times bigger than Earth, so it’s known as a ‘super-Earth’. The planet, KOI (Kepler Object of Interest) 172.02, is following an orbit that is well within the habitable zone of a star that is rather similar to our Sun
Read more at 

Monday, July 1, 2013

Is Powering Africa with Tax Payer Money More Important Than Stabilizing College Interests Rates?

In this modern day and age, power and energy are a fundamental need for each of us.  Each month, according to the United States Energy Administration(EIA), an average household uses about 940 kilowatthours(kwh).  Many of us, even myself included, take for granted the ability to have our everyday life lit up and powered by our advanced and ever growing electricity infrastructure.  I can remember on my 23rd birthday, we experienced a horrible storm that brought horrible downpour and reported wind gusts exceeding 80 mph in some places, and subsequently, my home and nearly all the homes in my town of Vineland, were without power for a week if not longer.  Living without power for the week really made me appreciate the luxuries we have in this country of ours.  In Africa, whole countries live without consistent and reliable power and electricity.  Because of this electricity issue, the economic stability and even growth is stunted because of such issues.  As a result, Obama started the initiative, "Power Africa" in which he has allocated funds from tax payer money to G.E. to help bring some 10,000 megawatthours of electricity to the sub-Saharan.  Although i find this to be of great importance to bring Africa up to par with the rest of the world, I find this to a trending theme for the U.S. government:  they help other countries before they seem to take care of their own people.

While were in the midst of one of the greatest debt crisis in American history in terms of college loan debt, we continue to allocate tax payer money to fund projects across the globe.  While Congress has not figured out a way to decrease or stabilize our interest rate for hard working college students and graduates, our government decides to go out and help countries who make excessive profits in terms of natural resources such as crude oil.  Africa is full of corrupt governments who have enough money to bring about proper infrastructure modernization yet we give free money to them.  I am all about helping other countries better their stance in this world economy, but why is it a growing trend to help big business make money with our tax payer dollars while us college graduates and students get the short end of the stick?  I have met my fair share of first and second generation  Africans, and they are some of the hardest working and very intelligent people I know because of the fact they take advantage of what we have to offer them in America, but their governments back home are so corrupt that make their people suffer while they reep the benefits of the sweet crude of which they are fortunate enough to possess underneath their land.  While our nation's leaders are playing global super-hero, we are left to pay more and more back to BIG BROTHER because we want to better our stance and knowledge in an economically evolving world.

While I am somewhat angered by the thought of Congress not taking any action on our College loan crisis, I deeply admire the world working together to integrate Africa into the world economy by bringing them onto the global power grid, so they can effectively use their large source of water, gas, and crude oil resources.  Countries such as the U.S., Japan, and China as well as scores of private investors are working together with ideas and billions of dollars to help bring power to such a vast continent.  In a world that is becoming ever so modernized on a daily basis, it is only right to allow all of God's people to have this inalienable right to power and electricity.  Allowing for better infrastructure for Africa will not only bring great promise economically, but it will also bring great joy to the people of this grand continent.  Children will no longer have to sit in the dark by candle light to read a book, or businesses won't be setback by days or even weeks without electricity.  \

Although I am quite angered by Congresses inability to stabilize and lower interest rates for an education that is basically a must have in our changing economic system, our Congress and the President do nothing to help its own citizens from seeing increasing debt pile up over our lifetime, I feel it is a must to offer a helping hand to Africa to see the people of that continent get to enjoy the light that we in this country take for granted each day.

Tuesday, June 25, 2013

Lets Talk About Pain and Suffering

Throughout life we’ve all dealt with pain and suffering from to time to time.  Those aches and pains that that put you to the test to get through it.  Sometimes I sit up at night looking back on some of those experiences that have occurred over the years thinking about how those people, events, and problems that have caused life not to be peachy.  I think about how those experiences changed my life for good, and it allowed my stubborn attitude to look past my clouded mindset, to help me see the light after a rainy day.  Like I said before you live, you learn, and you move on.  Here’s my story:
                It’s those times or time periods that really put you up against the wall and one is forced to grind through it and overcome while others fall, crash, and give up.  When we were children that pain was falling down and scraping our arm or leg, and we learned rather fast that that pain wasn’t something we enjoyed, and so we learned from that suffering and rationalized in our mind that is something we should try to avoid.  When we were 16 we had our first love.  That first taste and feel of that electro-chemical emitted in our head that makes you feel on top of the world while at the same time head-over-heels for the other person.  We also remember saying it was going to last forever, and while I envy those who find true love the first time around, for love may take a lifetime to find.   First loves aren't usually the last, yet at the time we told ourselves and others that he/she is the “one.”  That first taste of heartache usually leaves you with rotten taste on one’s tongue, and yet most push through the pain and overcome the suffering and learn from it.  When one graduates from high school and college one once again feels on top of the world.  The four hard years taught one about a lot of long nights hitting the books, those love games that were won and lost, those games that put, you and team, to the test to seek out who was best.  You hope that in the end, that those years of knowledge and experience in higher education, give you hope that the ups and downs of early adulthood, give you the tools and wisdom to make it in this cut-throat world.  In the end, those individuals who rise up from the challenges, pain, and suffering to become smarter and hopefully wiser for the tough times ahead, but wouldn’t it be nice to know ahead of time when those problems are going to pop-up? Lol
                Growing up everything came easy to me in life.  I did not get my first B in school until I got to high school.  I broke a lot of bones as a young boy from playing sports and just being a boy experimenting with everything that could be messed with.  I loved making my own bike ramps out of whatever I could find, I love playing sports for hours even if it was by myself, I simply always had to be moving at all times.  My mom used to call me Seany-Shiner because I would always go hard all day outside and always managed to get a black eye.  I remember getting a baseball bat thrown at my face when i was 7 because the player was angry he got out, so I got 7 stitches because the bat he threw almost made me go blind.  I lost so much blood I needed 3 towels on the way to the hospital. When we got hurt, we cried or got upset, but we got back up and moved forward remembering how to avoid that fall and how to do it better.  I’m blessed to have a photographic memory, so I can really see what I did wrong and fix it. 
At a younger age, you are sheltered by one’s innocent mind, and as adolescence hit, we really started to feel not just the physical pain of life, but for the first time that mental and emotional pain that can put the physical on the backburner.  My father got in trouble with the law when I was in 7th grade.   My mother got cancer for the first time when I was in 6th grade and it put him in a bad place.  In high school, some of my so called friends made a MySpace page about it.  Your father teaches you how to become a man, but my father taught me a lot more than that.  He taught me a lot about how to be a good Father, a good husband, and how to always to be able to forgive.  My dad from that day forward changed forever.  My dad proved to me, my mom, and my sisters that if you set your mind to something, anything is possible.  It taught me that sin and forgiveness is a part of life, and actions speak louder than words in my eyes.  I don’t know many men that will do more for their family than my dad.  He’s been at the same job for the best 25 years because he’s the hardest working man I have ever met.  The 80 hour weeks in the summer when its 95 degrees, all the 5:30am-6pm days showed me that there is no greater man than my Dad.  Just thinking about his pain and suffering to provide for my family makes me want to cry tears of gratitude and appreciation.  That man lost a lot in his life like his maternal mom who died when he was 2, but did not find out his step-mom was not his real Mom until he enlisted in the Air Force at 17, yet he’s always happy and forgiving to others.  The experiences that happened to me as an adolescent and young teen really tested me as an individual to the harsh reality of human beings wishing to gain approval and attention all the while bringing down a quiet, respectful, and ambitious young man hoping one day that some people would take my approach and just be nice to everyone because I don’t know where they came from and what they’ve experienced to frame their actions and personalities at that present moment in time and in mindset.  In the end, I look back on this time period and I remember the people that were always there for me no matter what, the people I did not know who were just good people, and those that were friends with you one second and forget about you and talk about you while separated, but you learn that in life that children will be children, boys will be boys, and that forgiveness is important, thick skin must be grown, and life goes on.  Never let things bother you for too long, or it will drive you nuts.  Lingering on your thoughts on life will leave you scratching your head Like You’ve got Lice. 
                The period of my life that has tested me the most was just recently.  After the 2010 baseball season ended at La Salle, and I went home, I got a job working for my friend’s parents’ company, Garden State Highway Products, for the summer before I went back to school.  I worked 45 hours a week,  and even moved up within three months, I went from knowing nothing to making highway signs projects worth up to $500,000.  If you drive up and down the AC Expressway, 95, 295, the Garden State Parkway, more than likely I helped make the new signs you see.   At the end of the summer, I got a letter in the mail from La Salle.  The words cut a hole I my heart so deep I didn’t think it would ever heal.  This letter came with no warning which after I looked into NCAA law and through conversations with NCAA officials the Athletic Administration at La Salle broke the law by not giving me proper forewarning.  I had arm issues all my junior year after seeing great success my sophomore year after beating the best teams in the conference and even beat the Conference Pitcher of the Year at his place in front of 10-15 scouts there to see him.  The arm problems put me in a bad place not just physically, but mentally and emotionally.  It caused me not to care about anything.  I even overheard the team trainer telling my teammates and coaches that there was nothing wrong with me, and that was just a weak person.  By the end of the season, I could not wait to go home because I did not care about school or baseball anymore.  That letter pushed me down to new depths I had not felt in a long time, and I knew my life would not be the same.  I enrolled in a new school full time while working 40 hours a week at my job, and busted my butt to get the straight A’s I knew I was capable of.  That pain and suffering taught me that life is full of surprises both good and bad, and to never give up when one door closes.
By the beginning of 2011, my mom was experiencing pain so extreme that she was put out of work.  She worked as long as she could because she’s so stubborn and really enjoy going to work every day knowing that she was helping people.  I will never forget that Friday night in the Sunroom before I went down to my friend Robert Green’s place in Atlantic City and eventually the club for the night. I was 21 years old.  I walked into the dark sunroom to see my dad sitting on the couch and my mom sitting in a plastic chair opposite from him.  We got to talking, and it culminating in me asking her, “Mom, is it cancer?”
 I had dreams for years leading up to this night in my sleep.  I knew that this day was coming, which is why I’m so adamant on the idea of seeing the future.  I started feeling tears drip down my face the moment I heard her response, and said to myself, stay strong Sean this is not what she needs.  I held in the tears up until my Mom said, “Sean, its ok, we’ll get through this, I will get through this.”  She was diagnosed with Stage 4 Cancer with a 3 inch tumor entangled in nerves.
By this time, those single tears turned into a steady flow of pain being expelled from my tear ducts.  I went out that night, told my friend Robert and my other two friends about it, and had fun, but I knew life wasn’t going to be the same anymore.  The time and growing doctor visits seemed like they all blurred with one another.  I remember the countless months I spent at the hospital watching my Mom sleep or noticeably be in pain, pain so excruciating that she took almost 2000 mg  of pain killers a day just be to comfortable.  You never want to come home to your Mom screaming in pain for hours on end.  You never want to pick your Mom off the floor because she thought you left for work, so she tried to walk on her own, then getting a ticket speeding to get to work on time and having your mind preoccupied by what just happened at home.  I’d cry myself to sleep every night just so I could show her a smile every moment I was with her.  I remember all the times she only wanted me because I was the only one that could calm her down when she wanted to give up.  I’d say, “Mom, why are you being so mean to them(my dad and sisters), they didn’t do anything to you?  I know it’s the pain talking, but you’re an amazing person don’t let it change you.  I’d tell her about the things I learned because I started reading more about science and philosophy and she couldn’t help but laugh at my youthful excitement because I finally found my true passion in life.  I told her how much I loved her out loud and in my head to God before I went to bed at night.  I will always remember that covenant I made with her and God about my life.  I promised that if she lived, I would show God and myself that I would change and I would show the world my true potential because from this life experience I learned life is too short and if one wants something bad enough you’ll achieve it because I know my Mom wanted to live to see me grow. I read around 30 books in a 6 month span of seeing my mom fight cancer, and did countless hours of research on cancer to help Mom in any way possible.
Suffering and pain are a part of life.  The experiences in life that put you up against the wall are those that challenge you to rise up and change as a person.  It really drives me nuts when I see people that complain about the little things in life like not getting the newest technology or complaining about someone else because life isn’t so easy for everyone.  I empower my students to show respect, be open, listen, and ask them to remember that life comes with its ups and down, and that the bad things happen because it only makes the good things feel that much better.  The ability to feel and show emotion is one of the greatest things about being a human, but as humans we are intelligent enough to learn from the past to make changes in the present and future.  My life experiences helped me realize one should never get down on oneself for too long because every struggle is a test by a higher power and energy, God, to see how strong your faith in yourself and essentially Him is.  Only those who are willing to learn, listen, forgive, and move on from life’s challenges live a happy and healthy life.  

Sunday, June 16, 2013

The Millennial Strikes Back: My Response to the Time Magazine Article Calling Us The Me, Me, Me Generation

As a child i always wondered how society would evolve as my generation became adults.  I always pondered in my mind how i would change as a person as I got older.  For the longest time i only worked hard at things I wanted and just shunned off everything else because i felt as though it wasn't important.  Sometimes i wished my parents would have pushed me a little bit further than they did.  I had a conversation with my dad this morning about Freudian psychology, and how i acted as a toddler.  I can remember my whole life with a picture in my head from 5 years old on, but before then it becomes a little fuzzy, but he told me today that unlike my sisters, i just did my own thing as a child, i wasn't like anyone else.  These ideas lead me to think about my generation.  They say we are all about ourselves, but they only say that because they don't understand us, they don't understand me.  I care about the well being of others before myself, i'd rather give than take, i'd rather give someone my last dollar to see them smile while i cry tears of joy on the inside, so if you think i'm all about myself because i try to bring about positive change to the human race that hurts your pockets well then so be it, i can change and adapt to anything you throw at me.  It might be your money, but this is our world to share, not yours to keep a tight grip on.  The tighter you grip the sand of life, the faster it slips away from your grasp, just let it go and watch it settle as it will, let it right itself, let us change our world. IT'S OUR TURN.

 I had a conversation with two elder black men tonight while waiting in line at the Borgata Casino Buffet.  The gentlemen i spoke to the most was named Columbus, he was 67 year old man.  He had a cap on with a nice blue suit with a cordoroy blazer on, and I made a comment about how i liked his suite especially his tie.  From then on we got to talking about life.  He asked me, "Son, do you know who you are?"
I replied, "I'm Sean Kennedy."
 He replied, "I know you who your name, but do you know who you really are?"
I said, "Sir, many people live their whole life trying to figure out who they are, and what their purpose is on this great Earth, and those that do are those that make it in this world.  I'm 23 years old, i've found the person i want to be and I strive everyday to try to reach to be that person.  I know one day I will succeed, but right now i'm still trying to find myself."

We went on to talk about faith and God.  Columbus said, "Son we are all on borrowed time.  You need to listen.  God has a plan for us all, as long as you never stop believing, and that believing is believing in yourself.  Don't ever say you've tried or you'll try because you're already accepting failure by saying the world "try."  I am on this Earth to serve the Lord, and everyday i do God's work and that is exactly what I am doing now.
I went on to tell him about this class i took called Religion and Terrorism.  I explained my teacher had a doctorate in religion, and he told me the same thing.  "We are all on borrowed time.  God gave you life now you must use it wisely."

Columbus told me to always follow my heart for it will never tell you wrong because your mind will take you in a million different directions, but your heart will always know whats right, but its your choice to make it happen, to follow your heart and soul.

We ended the conversation when we went our seperate ways to our tables to eat, but he left me with this,  "you've given me a better perspective on the younger generation.   You've given me the breathe of life again, you've given me that youthful energy back.  This life is all about give and take young man, and you've given me something and I hope I have given you wisdom.  Remember there's rules and there are laws to this game called life." But, he never told me exactly what they were, i guess he wants me to find out on my own.

By the end of the conversation I stopped talking and all I did was listen.  He commented on the fact that my eyes never left his.  I told him I was obsessed with eyeballs, and that i can see a man's soul through his eyes to see if he's a real person inside, and he said young man i'll see you again someday and it will be on Wall Street, you have a bright future ahead of you.  Columbus owned his own clothing store and said you can always tell something about  man by the way he dresses.

I feel like our parents always wanted to give us everything because life wasn't so easy for them.  Both of my parents grew up somewhat poor, so they never wanted us, my sisters and I, to live like they did.  People always see us as the me, me, me generation, but it's all about how you are raised.  As human beings, we do have free thought, but we are also programmable creatures as you can see throughout the history of society all the way up to the present.  We, my generation, are the first modern human beings on this Earth, and you've brought us to this point and I am forever grateful for it.  We see the mistakes that our elders have made and we want to fix them, but our elders are too worried about their money than seeing us healthy.  Governments and business care more about their personal piggy bank and agenda than seeing us live in a better world yet we're the selfish one's. They hide the truth because they feel we aren't worthy or good enough to know it, but you are wrong.  We are hungry for the knowledge that you don't learn in college. We are the first generation not to have racism, yet we are the selfish one's.  I got a gun pointed to my head in North Philly by a black man while i was at La Salle that i have never told anyone about, but does that mean i should generalized every African American in a negative way, or the time i got my nose broken and split open by two black teenagers on Chew St. at 1 am wanting my wallet, but i left it in the car? This life is all about your name and knowing who you are and not changing for anyone unless its for the betterment of you and humanity.  You live, you learn, and you move on.  I may have been selfish once, but i live to serve everyone else from here on out.

It's your selfish ways not to change that makes us look selfish.  We might have some lazy, over opinionated youth, but what generation in American history did not?  All we want is what's right.  The elder generation made a broken system that is controlled by the few, while the rest of us scrape around for crumbs from the feast of a few. One day I will take this race to the dinner table and eat from the same plate as you, but there are rules to this game, I know, grind harder, get smarter, don't stop until you reach the top from the bottom and i'll put that on my name ,i'm not in it for the fame.

Sunday, June 9, 2013

The U.S. Government Tactics: Is it Governmental Spying or Security

Before I lay my eyes and mind to rest at night, I always seem to put my mind to work, and allow it to take my thoughts on a mental roller coaster with ideas bouncing around in every which direction.  Most of my thoughts though are concentrated in a few distinct topics for i try not to allow my mind to wander in directions that that have no relevance to things i wish to accomplish.  I've often pondered sub-consciously in my mind, but also physically with my friends, colleagues, and even classmates as far back as middle school about how far American society will allow the government into our lives.  Some really don't care about the inter-workings of the government because they seem to feel disconnected from politics as though the governments decisions have no direct effect on their lives, some are concerned, but feel some liberties must be given up to protect the whole in a utilitarian sense, and some feel as though the government is overstepping its boundaries to maintain order and use security as a ploy to increasingly enter our lives.

This increasing intrusion into the private lives of Americans both domestic and global has seen increasing measures since 9/11.  As a result of the devastating attacks, which i can still envision in my mind from the 7th grade where i was sitting in my seat during study hall before lunch, when my study hall teacher, Mrs. Forrest, had the television on where the attacks were repeatedly being shown on the tv screen.  On that day my life, and the lives of every American or person on this Earth for that matter changed forever.  Although I know George Bush and Dick Chaney knew that the attacks were going to happen simply because they both are a part of the Halliburton along with Bin Laden's father, as well all being part of the Carlyle Group.  I find it fishy to think that Guantanamo Bay is owned by Halliburton, which profits off of the detention of suspected terrorists, is owned or previously owned by a former President and Vice President, as well as the father of the most infamous terrorist of all time.  Regardless of this speculation, Bush has said on air to the public recently that he enjoyed the power he had as President of the U.S., but is glad his time is up and he can hide from the public.  His efforts to combat terrorism were a gateway to government espionage into the lives of all Americans regardless if you’re a convicted criminal, suspected criminal, or an innocent person naive to the inter-workings of a government slowly and deliberately creeping into your lives through radio-frequency tapping or hacking into your personal information via the internet.  As a result of 9/11 and the subsequent Patriot Act, the government has had the right to spy on any person they feel is a threat to the security of the country, so if you use the word bomb or terrorist in any of your conversations through telecommunication or internet conversations, the government can use that as a justification to look into your personal information and even track your life virtually and physically.  As much as a feel terrorism is wrong and should be stopped, i feel as though this global war on terrorism is a ploy by people, governments, and business to create fear and paranoia among the public to complete their own personal agenda and to profit from it.

              Now i completely feel its the government's job is to protect and maintain the welfare and security of its people, but their certainly is a fine line between maintaining security and blatantly abusing power.  The U.S. government is quick to judge other countries ruling and governmental tactics, but they are just as quick to deny and pass on blame and judgment within their own faculties rather than owning up to their lies and faults.  I have always been taught that the truth shall set you free from poor judgment and lies, and by being deceitful and lying in the eyes of others, one must continue to lie to cover up previous lies, and it starts to build up over a period of time where it gets to a point where the bubble must break and its content of lies emerge from within.  As an American, i wish to see that the security of our people be maintained, but if your going to spy on the lives of others for your own sick abuse of power or just simply because you can, then go report on the news about Chinese hacking, your perception of reality is quite twisted for you lash out on other governments for doing the same thing you do on your own people. Some Americans are willing to forgo some of  their liberties given to them by the U.S. Constitution to maintain order and protection of society as whole, but where was that protection of 9/11 when your ordered all the fighter jets stationed in or around NYC to be relocated to California before the attacks, or where was the security when Russia reported to the U.S. government that the Boston Bombers were a threat to America well before the attack occurred, but the government was too cocky an pig-headed to seek support and help from another country.   I thought the Cold War ended the year I was born?   If the government is going to spy on its people by wishing to gain access to accounts via service providers, then the people should have a right to know that the account that they pay for is being looked into by the government that they pay for to run.  

Wednesday, June 5, 2013

The Big Bang, Dark Energy, and The Universe as an Information Processor

In the past month I've stayed up through the night contemplating the birth and evolution of our universe as well as the birth of other universes from our own.  Many physicists and philosophers from across the globe work diligently for years contemplating mathematically, experimentally, and by pure thought regarding the fundamental laws that govern our universe and the inter-workings of the mind of the creator.  From many different perspectives and fields of study from computer scientists, physicists, and philosophers, one can incorporate their ideas and views of the world and come to a rational sense of how one might intepret our physical reality to be, but it seems to leave one thinking endlessly, and in some cases it can lead one to pictures or concepts in one's mind on the possible nature of reality, or in many other cases it leads you back to where one got started with no real progress, but needless to say giving up is never an option.  Once you give up, you have lost hope in yourself, ending all hope for others to believe in you.  Here's my story:

Many scientists believe that no universe can form on the other side of black holes, but in my opinion, the laws of conservation of information would be lost as a result.  Scientists say that since a single black hole cannot and does not "swallow" enough matter and information, which are both one in the same depending how one looks at it, to allow for the birth of a universe on the other side.  From studying the composition of the universe, one can come to the conclusion that the universe is only made of up merely 4% ordinary matter that absorb and reflect light.  This leaves 96% of the universe unlocked by the eyes of both man and man-made objects that survey the sky at all times.  Although i am skeptical on the true nature of dark matter, for it could be matter that formed much early in the life of the universe because it had no interaction with light which allowed it to become much more dense and develop faster than ordinary matter, which in turn played a key role in the formation of large scale objects such galaxies, or it could be matter that is within our universe, but within other parallel universes or even in hidden dimensions and only interacts gravitationally with our 3-dimensional reality.  Regardless, one can assume that black holes should hold no bias to what it "swallows" as the matter crosses the event horizon of the black hole.  Dark Matter makes up about 25% of the universe at large, so this leaves one with around 70% unaccounted for.  The final piece is dark energy.  Dark Energy is an unidentified energy that allows new space to form every second of every day between galaxies as one can see in the red shift of light when observing the motion of galaxies in the universe.  One can only speculate or guess if black holes "swallow" any amount of dark matter because it is difficult to say whether dark energy has any baring  in a space that sees exponential growth in gravity as a function of distance as matter gradually makes its way toward the black hole's horizon.

As i've stated in other blogs specifically one of my first blogs i have ever written, i believe black holes do lead to other universes or even create other universes when the critical density of the black hole is enough to cause an explosion of something from nothing, but that nothing is just a point in space that is to small to be seen or measured by modern microscopes or the naked eye.  As the density of the anti-matter/matter grows as a function of time in a black hole, it comes to a point of incredible energy that is concentrated at the planck scale (1.66 X 10^33cm), a big bang occurs.  Taking into account the fact that their is not enough ordinary matter to make a universe to be equivalent to make a universe such as ours, we must take into account dark energy.  In the early big bang of our universe, matter and light were one in the same as they smashed into each other at high energies creating new particles in the process.  This force of the big bang, in my opinion, was an explosion of anti-matter at the singularity of the black hole, which when exploded at such high energy and temperature, converted it back into matter in the new universe which would explain why there is more matter than anti-matter in our universe and why it is so difficult to find or make it.  This explosion, created such high energy in such a confined area of space, it counteracted the electrical force of matter for a fraction of a second which allowed for space to go through exponential periods of doubling in size for a period of 1 second which physicists and cosmologist refer to as inflation.That explosion at the singularity can and may have caused a white hole which could have also led to a time period of exponential growth of space because of the white hole's negative force that defies gravity, but the energy needed to maintain the white hole is so great that it collapses in a short time frame.  Dark Energy, or the energy of the space-time brane, in my opinion, acts as force of computational processing which it computes new space out of nothing simply by logical processing power, which also allows for new particles to appear from such a vacuum energy.  Although there are many gaps in this idea that must be brought together with much more research it makes sense because I feel as though the universe itself is a self-aware processor of information.  dA/A^2 = 8PieG/c3(p or energy density) is the FRW equation used to determine the rate at which the universe expands or also referred to as the cosmological constant which  is the rate at which the space-time brane computes itself as a function of time because new space is formed out of nothing giving one the impression that the space-time brane is much like a computational processor of information.

Monday, May 27, 2013

Is Global Warming a Threat to The Way of Life On Earth?

Global Warming has been the topic of discussion in U.S. and World Politics for the past few decades. As most would say, you can make a case for each side for a variety of reasons, but in the end you cannot pinpoint the exact causality of global warming. In Al Gore’s documentary, he reiterates this idea of a human-created global warming problem. In his documentary and book, he backs up his beliefs with data expressing that human caused carbon dioxide emissions are the leading cause of the heating up of the Earth.  The rise in global temperature has significant effects on a variety of different aspects of life on this sacred planet.  For example, the rise in global temperatures has an adverse effect on the ecosystem and climate of some areas causing non-human animals to have to adapt to new environments or decide to move further north or south depending on what side of the equator these creatures are on.  In addition, the polar ice caps have been on a steady decline in the past several decades.  This decline in the polar ice caps melting is directly linked to human caused carbon emissions which is leading to rising global sea levels. In rebuttal to such claims to humans being the leading cause of global temperature rise, if one looks throughout the history of the Earth, one can see it has gone through cycles of heating and cooling which may give one the impression that it is the Earth’s natural course.  In the end, one cannot excuse the increasing rise of carbon emissions by human beings since the start of the industrial age in the 1800’s.
            Since the beginning of the Industrial Age of the Human Race, we have needed increasing amounts of energy to fuel our consumption and energy needs.  As a result, carbon based products were discovered to be a natural resource that could satisfy the growing needs of the humanity.  The use of coal and other carbon based fossil fuels such as crude oil and bio-fuels release CO2 during their imperfect combustion process which leads to a higher concentration of carbon dioxide in the troposphere, which is the lowest section of the atmosphere.  Because of the increase of CO2 into the atmosphere, and taking into account the effects of CO2 as a greenhouse gas, one can insinuate that rises in surface temperature in the lower atmosphere will increase over a period of time as a result of such emissions.  Not taking into account the fact that weather processes such as rainfall are a natural cooling process of the Earth, the Earth still wishes to stay in an equilibrium known as homeostasis.  As a result, as CO2 is added to the atmosphere, the Earth will continue to right itself by balancing out the excess Carbon Dioxide into heat that is displaced throughout the atmosphere leading to higher global climate temperatures. “The atmospheric CO2 has increased from preindustrial levels of around 250 parts per million by volume to around 378 parts per million or higher today, a level probably not seen since the Pliocene era, around 3.5 million years ago.”(Shapiro, 468)  As one will see, this exponential rise in CO2 has had a dramatic effect on not only the climate and the ecosystem, but is a threat to the bio-diversity of life on Earth.
            Human caused carbon emissions have a direct correlation to the decrease in mass of the polar ice caps.  This decrease in the polar caps volume can and will have dramatic effects on the Earth’s climate and way of life in the next few hundred years if human intervention does not take place on a  global scale.  “A satellite that measures minute changes in the Earth’s gravitational field found the mass of Greenland to have decreased by 50 cubic miles in ice in 2005.   West Antarctica ‘s mass decreased by a similar amount.”(Hansen, 457) Such large decreases in polar ice caps can have significant effects in a variety of different ways.  For example, as the ice caps melt, this decreases the structural integrity of the total glacier or ice cap causing rapid breakup of the entire ice cap.  Subsequently, this breakup of the ice caps at such a tremendous rate can and will lead to the rise in sea levels.  “The Earth’s History reveals cases in which sea level, once ice sheets begin to collapse, rose 1 meter every 20 years for centuries.”(Hansen, 457)  If this occurrence were to happen in modern times, the destruction of hundreds of coastal cities would occur leaving millions stranded or forced to move causing urban and rural cities to grow in population never before seen since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution.  As the polar sheets melt, it released Methane, which is stored within the permafrost of the ice caps.  Methane, which is also a greenhouse gas, is many times stronger than Carbon emissions in terms of being a greenhouse gas. Without the permafrost’s ability to capture and store Methane, the global climate temperature will continue to rise to unforeseen levels over the next few centuries.  “The last time the Earth was five degrees warmer was three million years ago, when sea levels were eighty feet higher than today. Fifty million people in the U.S. would be below sea level, 250 million in China, 120 million in Bangladesh, and 150 million in India.”(Hansen 457)  According to the TED Talk by David Roberts at Evergreen State College, “the Earth’s temperature will be 170 degrees by 2300 if we continue on our path of using fossil fuels.  If we do not change in the next few decades, we will be a path of no return in terms of saving our planet.”(Roberts)  Today, scientists, governments, and the general public are now concerned about the real threat of human caused global warming.  The UN created the Kyoto Protocol to increase international awareness and intervention across the globe to combat and decrease carbon emissions.  The application of green energy projects to use non-carbon energy sources such as a wind and solar powered devices have grown in recent years, but the use carbon-based energy sources are still cheapest up-front means to create and use energy to drive our economy and ever growing electricity and energy needs forward through time.
            The increase in global temperatures as a result of human caused CO2 emissions has significantly affected the eco-system and is a threat to the bio-diversity on Earth.  As a result of the warming of the Earth, the climate in which plants and animals have adapted in thrive in would be significantly changed.  As humans, we can manipulate the climate in which we live in to an extent by putting on more or less clothing, changing the temperature within our homes, while other plants and animals do not have the same luxury as us.  Over time, these creatures have adapted to live in certain temperatures and climates, and if that system or climate balance is altered in some type of way, those plants and animals will either:  die out, or be forced to migrate further north to reach an area in which the climate is suitable for their existence.  As the temperature begins to rise across the globe, these suitable environments will be less and less abundant as these creatures start to enter urban areas causing a disruption to the human’s lifestyle, and who knows what kind of intervention humanity will have as animals creep further north as a result of climate change.  As temperatures increase, tropical animals that thrive in places like Florida will start to migrate northward.  From watching National Geographic last year, I learned that snake size is directly proportional to the warmth of its climate that is why in New Jersey we only have moderate size snakes while the Amazon and Florida sees snakes that grow in excess of 15-20 feet.  As temperatures rise, these reptiles such as the Burmese Python which is causing a dramatically negative effect to the Everglade eco-system, and is creating a nuisance in housing developments according to my relatives in Florida, will start to migrate northward as temperatures increase.  “Studies of more than one thousand species of plants, animals, and insects, including butterfly ranges charted by members of the public, found an average migration rate toward the North and South Poles of about 4 miles per decade in the second half of the twentieth century.”(Hansen 454)  From an email from a man in Arkansas, Hansen found out that the armadillo is migrating further north according to this man.  “I had not seen one of these animals in my entire life. I drive the same 40 mile trip every day, and have seen these animals slowly creep northward every year and their not stopping.  Every year they move several miles.”(Hansen, 454)  As one can see, CO2 emissions not only have a significant effect to the surface temperature of the Earth, but that increase in temperature has a negative correlation in terms of threatening the bio-diversity of the planet and the eco-system.  As migration of plants and animals occur as temperatures rise, what issues will over-crowded areas cause for both humanity and plants and animals alike?
            Some may say that global warming is but a hoax made up by politicians and lobbyists who are lobbying for a green energy.  Money and politics can truly taint the bigger picture for the average person.  In the world of humans, consolidated power and money controlled by the few seems to take priority over the outcry of the overall populous.  This deceit and confusion that members of the Democratic and Republican parties in America truly leave one in a mind-boggling situation in terms of what to believe about climate change.  The money to be made off fossil fuels will continue to flow into the pockets of executives, lobbyists, and shareholders as long as the price of such energy sources does not increase in rapid fashion.  This market manipulation is known by oil and coal businessmen and women, for as soon as the price of such energy grows higher than the public will pay, then the public will want to move onto new means of energy to fuel their houses, cars, and means of producing electricity.  Both political parties will say whatever it takes to get one to believe that one energy movement is better than the other, but in the end, they do not care about the public individual, they simply just want your money and backing for their economic gains.  In the end, global warming is a fact, but whether it is only caused by humans is evermore clear, but politics can taint the evidence to go either way.

            Global Warming of planet Earth has been caused by the increase in CO2 levels in the atmosphere since the beginning of the Industrial Age.  The globe has seen a significant rise of CO2 levels from 275-280 ppm to about 380-400 ppm in today’s world.  According to an article by CNN writer Elizabeth Landau on May 13, 2013, “For the first time, scientists measured an average concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide of 400 parts per million in Mauna Loa, Hawaii, where the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration observatory is located, on Thursday.”  As CO2 levels rise as a direct result of carbon emissions, it will increase the trapping of heat within our atmosphere from the burning of oil, gas, and coal, but also from cosmic rays or high energy particles coming from the sun or other parts of the local galaxies and beyond.  This trapping of heat greenhouse gases will inevitably challenge humanity like no other time in our history.  Can we reverse this climate change and stop destroying our planet, or will money and politics be the true destroyer of worlds?

Works Cited
Hansen, Jim and Shapiro, Kevin.  Taking Sides: Clashing Views in U.S. History Since 1945. Pg.354-368.  McGraw-Hill Higher Education. New York. 2008. 3rd Edition.
Kaplan, Auren.  “Climate Change Biggest Threat To Ending Poverty, Human Progress.” 18 April 2012. 5 November 2010.
Roberts, David. “Climate Change is Simple.” 25 April 2013. 12 June 2012

Monday, May 20, 2013

My Chronicles of Albert Einstein: His Views on Politics/Industry, Society, and Science and the Scientific Community

My Chronicles of Albert Einstein
Sean Kennedy

History 4400 – Senior Research Project
Dr. Kutoroff
May 17, 2013
Albert Einstein will go down in history as one of the most complex individuals of all time.  His views on the world of politics, industry, society, and science are both inspirational and guiding force for humanity.  He believed in a government that served the people, not citizen slaves that served the government.  He believed in international cooperation, an a one world government that wished to promote peace instead of promoting and profiting from war.  He believed in a society that believed in social and economic equality where men and women lived in a society that was understanding and judged others by their contribution of labor and intellect towards the whole.  He believed in a scientific community that looked towards the advancement of science not as a means to gain fame or fortune, but to further human understanding of the physical world.  Einstein wished to understand the mind of god.  In the end, Einstein will be a name remembered for the rest of human history.  

A.    Introduction…….1
B.     Einstein’s Views on Politics/Industry………2-13
C.     Einstein’s View On Society…………..13-24
D.    Einstein’s View of the Science and the Scientific Community……….24-29
E.     Conclusion……… 30-31

All throughout his life, Einstein was a natural born pacifist.  Even at a young age, Einstein grew a profound dislike for authority figures.  As turmoil among European nations broke out leading up to The Great War, Einstein was an avid spokesperson against violence.  Although his mind was meant for scientific research, he was an avid reader and outspoken man in the world of politics.  His thoughts and experiences truly transformed his belief in a society where the government was a slave for the people, not merely society as a slave to the cruel self-interest of the few aristocrats who had political authority.[1]  In this section, I shall discuss Einstein’s views on politics and industrialism amongst European society and American society. Leading up to and following The Great War, as Einstein called it, was seen as a pessimistic society.  “Compared to the American, the European is more critical, more self-conscious, less heartened and helpful, more isolated, more fastidious in his amusements and his readings, generally more or less of a pessimist.”(ibid, 39) Because of the Great Depression, much of European society viewed life in a negative manner.  As a result, the governments of this society used this ideology to their advantage.  As a result of war and depression, much of European society seemed as though it would latch onto any government or political group that could rally minds to bring them together. Because European government and society believed in the concept of Socialism, it was very easy to persuade the masses to partake in anything they say.  This type of government looks towards their own interests before that of the community since a Socialist government controls the media, they could easily control the media according to Einstein.(ibid, 39)  Being the free and independent thinker that he was, he could easily see past the lies and false sense of nationalism that the Fascist governments were feeding the people of Europe.  “War in the interest of the state is rationalized by the state to the people as a sense of nationalism or patriotism.” (ibid, 59)  Being the pacifist that the he saw, Einstein saw this psychological development deployed by the government on its people to be cruel, for the governments of Europe especially that of Germany and Italy, used a false sense of nationalism to rally the people of depressed Europe to go along with their selfish self-interest for control and war.(ibid, 59)  The government should be helpful to its citizens considering they were the people that voted them into office.
The State should be our servant not we its slaves.  The State transgresses this commandment when it compels us by force to engage in military and war service, the more so since the object and the effect of this slavish service to kill people belonging to other countries or interfere with their freedom of development.  We are only to make such sacrifices to the state as will promote the free development of individual human beings. (ibid, 57)  
The government should adhere to the thoughts and needs of the people they represent, but the socialist government of war torn and economically depressed nations of Europe knew that had the advantage over the impoverished citizens in which the leaders represented.  “Democratic parliament regime which is based on independence has in many places been shaken up where dictators have sprung up and been tolerated.  Sheep-like masses can be worked up by the newspapers and political rhetoric.”(ibid, 10)  As a result of their authoritarian rule, many of the intellectuals and oppressed members of society, like Einstein, tried speaking out against such rhetoric, but the masses who were now brainwashed by the government saw these individuals as traitors against their own country.  The human mind is equivalent to that of a computer, one can program it to believe whatever one wants even if the thoughts of the government were evil, cynical, and in the end went against society’s best interests.   Einstein’s held on so dearly to his political beliefs that he eventually lost his job at the University in which he worked at taught Physics because of the fear and oppression his countries leaders inflicted upon the people of Germany. (ibid, 82)  He even went as far as revoking his own citizenship to Germany as a result of the Fascist movement that was taking over the country.(ibid,86)  It is sad for to one think that war and economic depression can be used by authoritarian governments to rally the people of Europe to believe in such cruel ideology as those of Germany and Italy did.  In the end, Einstein stood by his beliefs while the citizens of Europe became wild beasts against those the government wished to blame for problems that they did not cause.
Einstein’s view on America was truly profound and quite optimistic in nature. (ibid, 39 )  He enjoyed the simply freedoms, and overall optimistic view of the American public. (ibid, 39)  Democracy, in a sense, was the best and only true working political system in the entire world.  Einstein also had great admiration for the economic principle of capitalism in America over the socialist approach in Europe.  “Capitalism is better than Socialism because government can stifle cultural, intellectual, and economic progress.”(ibid, 40)  America was the true definition of just how great a society can be if it is free of government intervention because competition can truly lead to systematic progression of society as whole.  A free and open society is what Einstein visualized as the most productive means of progression for man, and American economic and political structure allowed for such progress to occur.  He also had great admiration for just how powerful the United States was in terms of technological advances and its overall international influence in the world.(ibid, 41)  “The U.S. is the most powerful and technologically advances country on Earth, and its international influence is incalculable.”(ibid, 41)  He often pondered about how American’s viewed Europe, and how they enjoyed the safety and security in which is prevalent in American society as whole.(ibid, 65)  In both World Wars, America played a small role in combat, and had a hands off approach to intervention until of course it was deemed necessary to intervene as a result of the attacks on American merchant and military ships by the Germans in World War I, and of course the bombing of Pearl Harbor by the Japanese in World War II. 
People in America no doubt think as follows:  Let Europe go to the dogs, if it destroyed by the quarrelsomeness and wickedness of its inhabitant.  The good seed of our Wilson has produced a mighty poor crop in the stony ground of Europe.  We are strong and safe and in no hurry to mix ourselves up in other people’s affairs.(ibid, 65) 
This perception of America by Einstein was inherently true, but he felt that this view was short-sighted.  In the eyes of Einstein, America was partly to blame for the catastrophe that was emanating in Europe during World War I.
By ruthlessly pressing her claims she is hastening the economic and therewith the moral collapse of Europe; she has helped to Balkanize Europe, therefore shares the responsibility for the breakdown of political morality and the growth of that spirit of revenge which feeds on despair.  This spirit will not stop short of the gates of America—I had almost said, has not stopped short.  Look around, and look forward. (ibid, 65)
In the end, Einstein really cherished the charismatic nature of the United States as whole because of its political and economic structure, but believed that the U.S. had such a significant international influence that it could influence world events for the better or for the worse. 
Following World War One, the League of Nations was created. Einstein believed in the concept of a one world government.  Since he looked down upon the belief of nationalism or patriotism, he really admired the creation of the League of Nations.  “Increasing nation’s relations will promote international security.”(ibid, 49)  By bringing together the beliefs, opinions, and security issues of all nations together will only help the world as a whole, for all nations should have the interest of the whole in mind when going about making changes to laws for the good of the entire system.  If all countries share a common interest, then all-out war could be suppressed by the simple fact that each nation’s security was intertwined with those of its neighbors.  Einstein appealed to the creation of the Commission De Operation Intellectuelle, but in a letter to the German Secretary of the League of Nations Herr Dufour-Feronce, he wrote,
“Experience has, unhappily, taught me that the Commission, taken as a whole, stands no serious determination to make real progress with the task of improving international relations.  It looks to me far more like an embodiment of the principle ut aliquid fieri videatur.  The Commission seems to me even worse in this respect than the League as a whole.”(ibid, 54) 
Einstein believed that the League should look past the superiority of the state, to build an arbitrary body that looks to build foundation in society that strives to relieve oppression amongst societies minorities, but because the ability to combat chauvinistic and militaristic tendencies of national government by the Commission was deemed lukewarm at best, he believed that Commission had failed to prove change in which it was created to do.   “The Commission has invariably failed to give moral support to those individuals and associations who have thrown themselves without reserve into the business of working for an international order against the military system.”(ibid, 55)   He believed that the League and the Commission should only appoint members who possess sound moral conviction to the problems of oppression that the world has faced especially in Europe.(ibid, 55)  Einstein did not understand why the Commission would appoint individuals who views on the world blatantly contradicted the overall concepts for which it was created to do.  “The Commission has never made any attempt to resist the appointment of members whom it knew to stand for tendencies the very reverse of those it is bound in duty for.  The Commission had failed to give moral support to those individuals and associations who have thrown themselves without reserve into the business of working for international order and against the military system.”(ibid, 55)  

            As a result of Einstein overall pacifism, he believed that the world should be led it the direction of disarmament.  Following the Great War in Europe, he was known to be publicly adamant on his political views of militarism, and believed that the League of Nations and the Commission should strive for a world that is free of war and a military complex.  Society progresses by slow and deliberate change, but on the subject of disarmament, it should be done by swift means to help save the world and the human race from destroying itself.  Einstein believed war was only fought because of the cruel and cynical self-interest of governments and those who hold the means of production and significant wealth in society.  By disarming the world of its means to kill, it would ultimately lead to an increase of security for all nations of the world. As long as the thought of war remains in this world, nations will always be prepared for military intervention.  As a result, nations will in turn educate the youth of society on warlike traditions and a self of pride to fight for one’s country to feel as though war is justified as inevitable to maintain such a social, economic, and political stability amongst nations on Earth.   “Disarmament and security are only to be had in combination.  The one guarantee of security is an undertaking by all nations to give effect to the decisions of the international authority.”(bid, 56) The 1932 Disarmament Conference would determine the fate of the world, and the coming generation.  He believed that states should not intervene militarily in the overall peaceful development of nations, but only intervene when the overall development of human beings is being oppressed by their government.(ibid, 55)  The problem of disarmament in the eyes of Einstein was simply this: man will not forgo his arms because of the vulnerability it causes him and the lack of security it invokes.  Without a means of international security as a whole, the state(s) will inevitably refuse to disarm their nation. 
It is true we have a League of Nations and a Court of Arbitration.  But the League is not much more than a meeting-hall, and the Court has no means of enforcing its decisions.  These institutions provide no security for any country in case of an attack on it. (ibid, 58)
            Being able to come together as a group of nations against an aggressor is the only way in which true progress as a whole can be made.  War can only be eliminated if the complex of nationalism shall be forgone by the ability to come together as one world, but until then man will live in a world of terror.
Unless we can agree to limit the sovereignty of the individual State by all binding ourselves to take joint action against any country which openly or secretly resists the judgment of the Court of Arbitration, we shall never get out of a state of universal anarchy and terror.(ibid, 58) 
Einstein felt there were two concepts so engraved in our modern society that hinders the disarmament movement:  spiritualism and materialism. (ibid, 25)  Governments of the world have embedded the concept of nationalism and patriotism into the minds of its citizens leading to enormous state power.  The gathering of the masses by a false sense of nationalism has allowed the self-interest of the few, to control the popular opinion of the entire populous.

They say further, and truly, that the greatest obstacle to international order is that monstrously exaggerated spirit of nationalism which also goes by the fair-sounding but misused name of patriotism.  During the last century and a half this idol has acquired an uncanny and exceedingly pernicious power everywhere. (ibid, 59) 
Nationalism has been deeply intertwined with the role of military service.  The state, and in turn, society has deemed military service to be the highest honorable duty one can do for one’s country.  A country which wishes to increase its military service is almost notably going to create a spirit of nationalism or nationalistic pride within its people.  The concept of nationalism that correlates with military service provides the psychological foundation of military efficiency.  Einstein felt that as long as the state provides the means to stimulate the masses with a false sense of patriotism through the media, disarmament would essentially never happen regardless of the international plea circulating within the Conference of 1932.  Military might of the state along with spiritual development is in the best interest of the state simply because they must gain the admiration of the youth at the schools.  Einstein, at a young age was presented with this same regiment in his early years in German schooling, often recalling having to march and recite nationalistic songs and literature which he deemed very militaristic in nature.  “The introduction to compulsory service is therefore, to my mind, the prime cause of the moral collapse of the white race, which seriously threatens not merely the survival of our civilization but our very existence.”(Einstein, 60)  Those who wish to condemn military service must take a stand and hold their ground against militarism and primitive might held by the state.  It was a sad reality to Einstein that simply because one refused compulsory service for one’s country, one was considered a disgrace to one’s state and community for their conscientious belief in pacifism and objection to war.  Dr. Einstein felt that the Disarmament Conference should find a way to end such psychological issues through education, for individuals who wish not to serve their nation in the army. 
“This is my position in a nutshell: Mere agreements to limit armaments furnish no sort of security.  Compulsory arbitration must be supported by executive force, guaranteed by all the participating countries, which is ready to proceed against the disturber of the peace with economic and military sanctions.  Compulsory service, as the bulwark of unhealthy nationalism, must be combated; most important of all, conscientious objectors must be protected on an international basis.”(ibid, 60) 
Einstein felt that the leaders of the international community desired to abolish war, but the resistance for such actions is deeply embedded in the traditions of nations from generation to generation much like a genetic disease that’s inherited. (ibid, 57)  The educational system and the Press were to blame for this resistance to peaceful mannerisms toward war and disarmament simply because of the glorification of military training.  It is time for the intellectual and responsible bodies of the world to come together to remind the world of the shear importance of the Disarmament Conference.  It is no longer important or one’s duty to criticize barbaric actions and militarism, but to turn thought and words into action for the benefit of mankind.
The fate of the world will be such as the world deserves.  Anybody who really wants to abolish war must resolutely declare himself in favour of his own country’s resigning a portion of its sovereignty in favour of international institutions: he must be ready to make his own country amenable, in case of a dispute, to the award of the international court.  He must in the most uncompromising fashion support disarmament all round which is actually envisioned in the unfortunate Treaty of Versailles; unless military and aggressively patriotic education is abolished, we can hope for no progress.(ibid, 63-64)
In the end, the Disarmament Conference of 1932 was the last chance at preserving peace amongst nations of the world, and the weight of the world lay on the shoulders of European leaders, and most significantly America for she was the strongest and comparatively sound amongst nations at the Conference, and all eyes and attention were focused on her.

            Einstein believed that industry and the world economic collapsed of 1929 played a significant role in the political and military future of the world.  “The individual can accomplish little here, nor can one wish to see the best among us devoted to destruction through the machinery behind which stand the three great powers of stupidity, fear, and greed.”(Einstein, 68)  The industrialists of the world wish to pursue their own greed and self-interest before the good of the whole.  Industrialists thrived off the concept of militarism and nationalistic pride to continue with its war machine.  Einstein saw this to be prevalent in Germany during the first half of the 20th century, for the industrial complex was tied deeply with media and politics to bring the people to feel the need to defend with honor and pride their beloved nation.  Einstein knew the motives behind such a deeply embedded sore in the flesh of society and even went on to say, “Industrialists don’t want peace, due to money.”(ibid, 43) Einstein was deeply upset by such a world where mankind’s primitive and barbaric nature lies in the hands of those which control its fate.  Those who control the means of production control the issues of the nation and subsequently the world, where is if it is a game the plutocratic society plays with the sheep-like masses as it pawns that they label replaceable.  The war-like machine becomes that of perpetual motion in which is controlled by the industrialists of the world who seek their self-interest over the community interest.  The armament industry is the biggest threat and greatest danger to mankind.  Money and greed shall inevitably blind the moral path and compose of those who seek it in large amounts for it is never enough once one attains such monetary value.  In a letter to an unknown person Einstein writes,
As regards to the munitions industry and the export of war material, the League of Nations has busied itself for years with efforts to get this horrible traffic controlled—with little success, we all know.  Last year I asked a well- known American Diplomat why Japan was not forced by a commercial boycott to desist from her policy of force.  He replied, “Our commercial interests are too strong.”  How can one help people who rest satisfied with a statement like that? (ibid, 66) 
During such a time of economic crisis as that of the late 1920’s into the early 1930’s, the purchasing power of the world lay in the hands of the few in which controlled industry.  As a result of the collapse, it subsequently led to the collapse of the moral and physical embodiment of society.  Together with the increase of machinery and the decrease of purchasing power of the lower and middle class, society was now brought to an all-time low.  Because of over-production and inflation, the money of Germany and subordinate nations was deemed almost worthless.  In addition, the payment of reparations by debtor nations whose monetary value was all, but non-existent, led to the overall collapse of German and European society.  Einstein, along with many other intellectuals at the time, knew that if the purchasing power of the lower-to-middle class got below a certain point society would crumble, and would lead to a state that would  for the people our to bring back the glory to the Fatherland. 
 In 1932, Einstein warned the world of what was to become of Germany. (ibid, 84)  The Nationalist Socialist Party(Nazi) gained political power in the Prussian nation.  Hitler used the degrading society of Germany to reach out to the working class to believe in his will.  Being a free thinker, Einstein knew of the evil which was to follow such a tyrannical state, but at the same time the government was gaining attention and provoking the citizens of thoughts for hatred of Jews. (ibid, 84)  Einstein refused to live in a state where the individual does not enjoy equality before the law and the freedom to say and teach what he likes. (ibid, 83)  Germany felt that Einstein was committing “atrocity mongering” by ending his Prussian citizenship, and ending his stay at the Prussian Academy of the Sciences. (ibid, 82)  Unfortunately, he had no choice in the matter.  Although he was man of German decent, he was still a German-Jew, a man who was looked down upon by those who considered themselves inferior to the vermin or rats of society.  Einstein took pity in the sheep-like masses that were being dug from the depths of hell only to realize in time that, that they never really left the hell from which they came from.  Einstein was quoted as saying, “I would rather not belong to any society which behaves in such a manner, even if it does so under external pressure,”(ibid,88) in a letter in reply to the Bavarian Academy of Science.  Einstein also received a letter from the Prussian Academy Secretary, Von Fricker, which he said that Albert made the correct choice in resigning from his position at the Academy due to his talks against the government have led to people thinking and acting in a way that goes against the government policy and ideology.  The culmination of oppression, militarism, and the government having complete control of the media, it led to the sheep-like masses idolizing the Hitler whose words and actions gave them a false sense of nationalism.  Albert Einstein free-thinking and constant questioning of the established belief system, was a complete contradiction from the status-quo of German society during the 1930’s, as a result he fled Germany to live in America.  Although Einstein was first banished from his own family, and now was a man who was stateless, Einstein never gave up hope for mankind, and its true potential.  As you will see, even though Einstein was loner, shunned out by his family and country, ridiculed, and oppressed by society his whole life, he never lost hope within himself, and because of his Jewish background, his personality reflected as such:  One who never loses faith in oneself, never loses faith in mankind. 
Throughout history, man has always judged society based on their clouded perception of the world.  Most people take a primitive mindset and approach to human society rather than a logical and though out vision to society as a whole.  Very few men and woman in the history of mankind have been able to look past human emotion and envision society not as it is, but as it should be.   Society as a whole should seek a variety of things in order to truly live in a free and open society.  Society is only as free as the connection between the ideas of people and the ideology of self-determinism.  A free and open society can be labeled as having the interests of the whole in mind by man working together for a common goal.  The common goal is social, economic, cultural and religious freedom amongst men and woman of all ages.  From the time of the Great War through World War Two, such freedoms were oppressed and almost destroyed by governments and industry together.  As one will see, Einstein’s vision of society was one of great compassion, understanding, and hope for mankind to come together as a whole for the improvement of life for all people on Earth. 
            Economic equality plays a key role in society.  After the Great War, the German government and inevitably its people were debt ridden as a result for the reparations in which it had to pay France and Belgium under the stipulations put against them by the League of Nations.  As a result, the purchasing power of the people was diminished by the idea of hyper-inflation where the government of Germany printed large amounts of currency to be able to pay for the war debt in which was inflicted upon them.  Einstein believed the workers of society should be guaranteed a fixed minimum wage that created a linear system between the purchasing power of the workers and the price of the products in which were sold.[2]  A fixed minimum wage that correlated with the rising inflation would increase the purchasing power of the average citizen.  Inflation causes a decrease in the value of the money over a period of time which would inevitably cost members of society more money to purchase goods and service.  By increasing the minimum wage relative to prices, society as a whole would be on an even playing field.  The problem with labor, money, and society is the technological innovation society as whole has brought to the table.  As a result of societal progression, the need for human labor decreases as the technological innovation invented by man increases.  Because of the decrease in the workforce as a direct correlation of exponential technological growth as a function of time toward the future, this creates it many issues.  First of all, the decreased need for labor because of new technology causes a social outcry amongst skilled and unskilled laborers.  One could insinuate that Einstein believed and understood the idea of the Wage-Fund theory although he does not directly discuss it in his writings.  The Wage-Fund theory is an economic and social theory that states that if the demand of a job or profession is high, but the need for the positions is low, than the wages of a said job or professor will, in turn, be significantly lower than a job or profession where the need for positions is high, but the quantity of individuals in the field is low.[3]  “Jobs are hard to come by because of progress of production.  Only a fraction of the available labor in the world is needed for the production of the total amount of consumption goods necessary for life.”[4]  Between the period of World War I and World War II, the technological progress of science and business, left much of European, more specific German, workers without jobs.  The lack of jobs combined with the crushing blow the League of Nations put on Germany following the Great War in terms of reparations really caused a societal outcry because not only was technology causing people to lose their jobs, their money was not even worth enough to buy their families food.  Economic inequality following the Great Depression was at an all-time high and was unlike any time before it in modern history.  Einstein believed society needed to increase involvement of younger people in the productive process, and exclude elderly from certain sorts of work.  Instead they should receive a certain income, for they have contributed enough to be considered productive to society.(Ibid, 77)  In the end, the exponential growth of technology and the inflation of monetary currency during the first third of the 20th century caused significant social issues and public outcry across the globe, but centrally located in Germany.  Einstein felt that making wages proportional to inflation, and increasing the younger generation’s active role in production and decreasing the productive role of the elderly were tangible solutions for such consequences.(Ibid, 73)  By increasing and maintaining a fixed minimum wage, it would allow greater purchasing power for the worker that was proportional to the pace at which production was being put forth by industry.  Einstein’s philosophy was based on economic equality as one can see.  After the Great Depression, the gap between the worker class and the entrepreneur was growing quite extensively because although Germany’s government was printing large sums of capital for the war debt, business owners and industrialists still maintained a great deal of purchasing power which they took advantage of as a result.  By identifying this issue, Einstein felt that by increasing minimum wage at a fixed rate and fixed working hours, it would even the playing field between workers and industrialists in terms of time, energy, and purchasing power. (ibid, 72)  The thought of fixed working hours, in theory, would decrease the rate of unemployment in which it could one day be abolished.  The Liberalist view on economics in society puts emphasis on an increased labor force.  To decrease unemployment and create less socio-economic stress, liberals seek to put employ more workers in the economy.  Although the strategy looks good in the perception of the general public, the increased labor force drives the overall wages down to where a large portion of society is an un-naturally low socio-economic level.  The Liberal views, in the eyes of Einstein, provide a means to alleviate unemployment, yet it creates a worker class with no purchasing power as result of unbelievably low wages. (ibid, 77)  Looking deeper at the use of purchasing power rather than monetary worth, one can make draw a conclusion as to why Einstein used this term.  As one can see that the purchasing power and the overall monopolistic tendencies of their tyrants of business, the prices should be controlled by the governing body of the state, so that prices could stay reasonable for both business and workers alike in society because if one lets business do as business does, it will leave industry with artificially driven prices and manipulated markets.  A linear system, in theory should be created to even out the production and consumption of goods to implement and maintain a proper balance, but at the same time not hindering the capitalist nature of business which thrives off economic growth.   During times of hyper-inflation, the value of  money is diminished to below half of its worth, so the value is almost non-existent, yet the acquisition and hoarding of large sums of capital gives an individual the ability to purchase goods and services indicating the individual has increased purchasing power over another.
 Although Europe was paralyzed by economic hardship during the Crash of 29’, problems of socio-economic equality was not just concentrated in Europe.  The crisis struck the whole world, and through the eyes of Einstein, he broke it down into five basic factors(ibid, 71): Overproduction of wheat and the overproduction of vehicles.  American created an unstable credit system that allowed Americans to access new technological items which led to the rise of consumerism.  Consumerism led to overproduction of goods that industrialists thought would continue to be purchased, but this was a false perception.  Once demand for new technologies such as the Model T and other new gadgets such as the radio and the washer fell below that of the supply, the entire economy collapse leading to a society that went into socio-economic hardship. The overproduction of crops such as wheat left the U.S. agricultural industry nearly bankrupt when prices of wheat crept so low that farmers could not break even on their crops.  Secondly, as discussed earlier, the cost of reparations due to the war guilt placed upon Germany created a scale of hyper-inflation in Germany not seen for quite some time.  This hyper-inflation on the debtor nation really had a domino effect on that of American, the creditor nation because the linkage between the two leaves creditor vulnerable economically. This had a serious implication amongst Germany society and really was the gateway for further conflict amongst European society.  The erection of tariff walls in Europe caused significant socio-economic hardship during the Depression as a result of increased burden and thoughts of armament and political unrest.  Because of this, society as a whole had to suffer as a result of political and military unrest which caused workers and families to lose jobs and entire life savings because of high taxes put on good and services imported and exported among European Nations.  In addition, fall of the two powers Russia and China had serious implications.  Although the fall of these two powers did not directly affect the socio-economic status of America, the fall of these two powers had a dramatic effect on world trade.  Finally, the rise of the economic lower class since the end of the Great War led to the idea of scarcity of goods because of the increase in this class of people.  Having enough food to feed the people of the growing lower class of society can put a deep burden on society because goods can only be produced at certain rates, and the replenishing process takes time as well.
In order for human civilization to prosper, we must remember culture. (ibid, 74)  Society is quick to judge man based on their cultural background and the ideals and morals of which they were raised upon.  Between the time period of World War I to World War II, European society was crumbling to because poor decisions made by the world super powers.  During a time where morals and ethics were needed most to hold society together from destroying each other, principles of moral and ethical code were put on the backburner because of overwhelming political tension and economic hardship which caused society to revert back to its primitive nature instead of society coming together as a whole to bring social, political, and economic justice.  By having mankind come together as one world made up of different countries, society would transform itself into something better than previously imagined.  Einstein believed in such a society.  He believed in a society that was content on implementing social justice for everyone to enjoy, not just those in power.[5]  Social equality is an inalienable right for all men and women, and for all socio-economic classes to enjoy not just those who have political authority over the masses.  Like previously stated, society should not be a servant for the government, the government should provide for the wants and needs of the people they were elected to serve.  Members of society should acknowledge that these inalienable rights as human beings.  Members or citizens of society should not pass judgment on other individuals based on belief systems for life is relative to world through each of eyes and ears.  No man or woman thinks and believes the same, and Einstein knew that from my point of view.  Einstein called for a society that showed willingness to understand and except that all human beings re inherently different. (ibid, 70)  The most amazing thing about the human race is the fact that we are all the same, yet individually we are all so different.  God blessed each person with a gift or a skill that on can bring to the table and offer the world one simply needs to find it within them and perfect.  People go there whole lives without knowing their purpose or reason for being on this grand Earth, but once one finds meaning to one’s life, one should take advantage of the random gifts that the Creator offered thee.  “The cult of individual personalities is always in my view unjustifiable.  To be sure, nature distributes her gifts variously among her children.”(ibid, 37) 
During Einstein’s wonder years as I call them, which is the time period between his publication of special relativity of 1905 and his departure from Germany, Einstein was a prominent spokesperson for minorities as a whole.  Society always labels minorities as outcasts or different simply because they deviate from the societal norms of the masses which are controlled again by what I call the upper-class minorities.  Upon reading the book, The World As I See It, it truly made me think of my own life.  Throughout my life, I was an advocate for social justice and fair treatment of all those that are seen as different.  By labeling humans, we as a society are oppressing those in which we label, which in turn, causes them to lose self-esteem and self-worth which comes with how we view ourselves.  Those same minorities, such as those labeled as “geeks” and “nerds,” are the same individuals who go on to become truly successful people in terms of intellect, monetary worth, and political power, so the perpetual wheel of hate and resentful goes full circle when those individuals who were oppressed and labeled as minorities as a child, are the individuals as adults who oppress and label the masses, and inevitably punish them for their immature ways as a child, adolescent, and teen.  Einstein was an advocate against minorities who are seen by the majority as inferior to them which leads to oppression, and eventually the same oppression and hate of the masses. (ibid, 78)  The majority of human beings that are lazy and in some cases lack the intellect to think for themselves in terms of judging people are easily manipulated to believe in the labels in which cruel and powerful people indoctrinate a society with.  One could see this tactic in the political ideology of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi’s.  Adolf Hitler, who was known as a young adult to failed art school and was kicked out of the Germany army for lack of physical ability was judged and labeled by society as a misfit minority took that anger and oppression and turned it into political motivation.  His anger and resentment as a child turned into hatred for the those in society who were successful and controlled the means of business and banking which were of Jewish decent.  Hitler was able to indoctrinate the masses of Germany society, who were vulnerable in the 1930’s because of the Great Depression, to believe in his cause to bring back German pride and economic means to the working class or middle class.  By indoctrinating those individuals who were vulnerable and could not think for themselves, he was able to manipulate the minds of society to believe in his ideology to persecute and execute those were seen as minorities and inferior to the “Pure German Race”.  Dr. Einstein, who was an independent thinker and full of compassion for all walks of life, was a truly an advocate to rid the world of social injustice in terms of ending the societal labels were put on individuals, but he lived in a time in history where governments and industry indoctrinated the people of society to believe in their cruel, selfish ideology which eventually cost him his citizenship but never his faith in the social justice of all mankind.
The key to improving social, economic, and political justice and implementing those ideas of justice into society is through the free exchange of thoughts and ideas from the perspective of all members of society no matter their socio-economic stance within it.  By allowing the free exchange of thoughts, opinions, and ideas, society as a whole can slowly evolve into one of understanding and justice. 
Whether we find the way of peace or continue along the old road of brute force so unworthy of our civilization, depends on ourselves.  On the one side, the freedom of the individual, and the security of society beckon us, on the other side slavery for the individual and the annihilation of our civilization threatens us.  Our fate will be according to our deserts. (ibid, 56)
The future of society and the human race as whole depends on the sharing of thoughts and ideas because all social, economic, and political progress starts with one man or woman going against the status-quo.  Life, society, and innovation evolves overtime, and during the time of Einstein, one can see that the evolution of innovation was growing exponentially while the evolution of social justice was being crushed by the tightening grips of tyrants wishing to oppress the thoughts, ideas, and opinions of those individuals that they were voted in to serve and protect.
Common man is too afraid to speak out against the government and big business. These men are cowards.  Man will embrace you until you attack his self-interests.  The motto of a country mean is this, ‘Leave it alone and do not speak of it.’ (ibid, 69)
The society in which Einstein lived in, and even that of my parent’s generation believed that if you did not talk about it, the problems, issues, and concerns did not exist.  Without the willingness of the masses of all walks of life to come together as one and speak up and spend ideas and thoughts for preservation and promotion of social justice, progression and deviations from the status-quo will never happen.  As a whole, society wishes for the day where all man is on equal footing in front of the law, and the only way for that to truly become a living reality for all mankind is through the use of communication amongst all mankind, but no change comes easy.  Society as a whole through peaceful intervention and exchange can promote change through their words in the form of written language, or the sounds waves of your voice, but no change comes easy because those who control the means of change are not eager to allow.  Through perseverance and belief in one’s self, anything is possible.  Einstein was ridiculed his whole life by his family, his peers, his government, and society as a whole, but he remained faithful to himself because he believed in himself while no one else did.  This goes to show one that by believing in oneself is like believing in all of humanity.  The exchange of ideas and thoughts amongst man can only go as far as the belief and implementation of those thoughts and ideas in one’s own life prior to the change of world views of society as a whole.  The future starts within and expands steadily as ideas grow exponentially amongst all.  Einstein’s views on society were well ahead of his time for his views on society and science alike are issues that even until this day are still being fought for.  Those in power do not wish for equality of all man because it will mean their power will be decreased as a result of social change.  Social progression as a whole begins with one man or woman with a vision.  That vision can become a living reality when men and women alike put their differences aside, and work together for a just cause of social, economic, and political equality beside the law. 
In the past 150-200 years, scientific progress has taken society on a journey that has turned reality into that of science fiction.  Without the progression of science, the human race would still be stuck in what seems like the stone-age.  The advancements in mathematics, theoretical physics, and applied physics and engineering saw exponential growth and understanding at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century.  Albert Einstein was at the forefront of the beginning of that scientific revolution of the early 20th century.  Not only did he bring to life a broader perspective and understanding of the universe on scales as large galaxies and super-clusters, but also on scales the size of the quantum, but his philosophy of science and the scientific community is one that shows his humble nature as a human being and his love for science as an innovator for the progression of society economically, socially, and politically.  The advancements of science hands-down drove the world economy even back in early 20th century.  The evolution of the economy and accumulation of new economic wealth goes hand-in-hand with the steady progression, understanding, and application of scientific research, and many people not just Einstein knew this for it does not take a genius to realize this.  “Scientific inquiry drives economic growth.”(ibid, 30)  From the invention of the steam engine and the printing press, to the invention of the radio and television, scientific curiosity and application drives our economy forward through time.  The world market is heavily influenced on this steady progression of new ideas and invention as one can see when one looks on the New York Stock Exchange.  The only portion of the New York Stock Exchange that one must pay to see is the link that offers one access to the global technology market.[6]  Einstein’s vision of the future was much more intuitive than most, and in my opinion, it was a gift and a curse simultaneously.  Scientific advancements also created a gateway for the transfer of information and ideas.  Scientific inquiry works best when there is a free exchange of information amongst scientists.  The free exchange of ideas was a liberator for many because it allowed for many people to come together to solve issues.  For example, without Einstein’s letter to the President of the United States during World War II, Nazi Germany may have won the war, and created the first atomic bomb.[7]  The theoretical work of Albert Einstein’s famous equation E=MC^2 created a gateway of ideas and interpretations that led to the culmination and production of a new found weapon that could and did end World War II. 
          As one can see, scientific innovation can also create political, economic, and social turmoil amongst members of society. Science inevitably drives the economy forward through time, but at the same time its progress can be stifled for a variety of reasons.  Money and politics can create a means of stifling such progress.  In a time of economic or world crisis, funding can and will be cut from science by politicians who have a political agenda.  The free exchange of ideas can be a cause of concern for politicians who do not take a positive outlook on this free exchange of ideas.  Scientists are at the will and mercy of government money to fund their scientific inquiry and research towards gaining an understanding of physics and other fields of scientific research.  “Because of his left-wing political beliefs,   the U.S. Army denied Einstein the security clearances he needed to be a part of the Manhattan Project, and so his role in the development of this deadly technology was an indirect one.”[8]  .As one can see, scientists are looked down upon by individuals whose version of reality is clouded by economic and political blindness.  Scientific progress in the end, can only be implemented in society as fast as those who control business and politics, or better terms those who control the flow and exchange of money and power. Einstein did not believe that scientific achievement should be driven by fame and fortune, but by pure curiosity to understand the mind of god.
I cannot conceive of a personal God who would directly influence the actions of individuals, or would directly sit in judgment on creatures of his own creation. I cannot do this in spite of the fact that mechanistic causality has, to a certain extent, been placed in doubt by modern science. [He was speaking of Quantum Mechanics and the breaking down of determinism.] My religiosity consists in a humble admiration of the infinitely superior spirit that reveals itself in the little that we, with our weak and transitory understanding, can comprehend of reality. Morality is of the highest importance -- but for us, not for God.[9]
Einstein’s drive for a simple and modest life was depicted through his legacy as a person and as a scientist.  His curiosity and drive for understanding of the physical world was driven by his goal of trying to understand the mind of god, and his laws for which governed the universe for which we live in.  Einstein had this consoling thought, “In an age of materialism, it takes heroes of men whose ambitions lie wholly in the intellectual and moral sphere.”[10]  While many scientists were driven by the thought of being famous, Einstein stood by quietly going about his business while critics all over the world lay judgment on his work, but he did not seem to care.  By never losing faith in oneself, one will in the end prevail, yet never fall victim to those who will try to bring you down to their level. 
            Einstein painted a picture of his thoughts within his mind by creating grand equations that changed the way we viewed the world forever, but very few realize what his scientific achievements did for society.  Einstein’s scientific research brought many new concepts and inventions to our modern world.  The theory of relativity brought with it satellites and GPS through light signals because with his equations, one can now calculate distance between two point on Earth through light signals between your current positions and your destination.  His particle theory of light, or as he called it the “light quanta”, changed the course of modern medicine forever. We can thank Dr. Einstein for our advances in radiation treatment for cancer patients, as well as X-rays, MRI’s, CAT scans, and PET scans because these machines function by way of electromagnetic signals that penetrate the skin to show any medical issues such as muscle tears, broken bones, tumors, and other soft tissue problems.  We, as a society can thank Albert Einstein for lasers that we see concerts, lectures where teachers or professors use laser pointer to direct the student’s attention at certain information on a given medium, as well as laser guided systems and ray guns now being used by the U.S. Military to keep us safe and protected from harm’s way.  In the end, Albert Einstein has shaped our modern lifestyle more than anyone could have ever imagined.
            Through my eyes and personal perception, Albert Einstein is the single greatest human being in the modern era of human history.  The influence he’s had on our society is so profound that words alone cannot do him justice.  His views on politics, society, and the scientific community are revolutionary for so many reasons.  His thoughts on government being a servant to the people are words that are simple, but carry a deeper meaning in a society where governments and business are in a power struggle over the masses of society.  He envisioned a society where war and oppression could be stopped because he was a natural born pacifist and an abstract thinker who could see through the lies and cruel self-interest of governments and industrialists who sought to profit from war and oppression. Dr. Einstein hoped one day mankind could look past their differences, and embraces the beauty of the human race and nature, and work together to promote peace and equality for all walks of life to enjoy.  He believed that national interest should be second to that of the world’s interest as a whole, and wished for the implementation of a world government whose goal was to promote and maintain peace, and rally together against any global aggressor. His scientific drive for understanding of the physical world was not driven by fame or fortune, but driven by curiosity to understand the mind of God.  Albert Einstein in 2000, was named Time Magazine’s, Man of the Century, and it’s unfortunate that he could not be alive to see what he’s done for the human race, but it’s not what you’ve done while you’re alive, it’s the imprint one’s legacy leaves in the minds of all those who have come after him which will live on for the rest of eternity.   

Works Cited
Singh, Simon. “1919 Eclipse and General Relativity”. 8 April 2013. Copyright 2000-2013. All Rights Reserved. Simon Singh.
Einstein, Albert. Extracts From Dr. Einstein's Published Views: Einstein’s Archives Online. April 10 2013. Princeton University Press 2002.
Einstein, Albert. Extracts From Dr. Einstein's Published Views: Einstein’s Archives Online. April 10 2013. “Einstein on Peace.” 13 November 1918. Princeton University Press 2002.
Einstein, Albert. Extracts From Dr. Einstein's Published Views: Einstein’s Archives Online. April 10 2013. “King’s College Lecture.” 13 June 1921. Princeton University Press 2002.
Einstein, Albert. Extracts From Dr. Einstein's Published Views: Einstein’s Archives Online. April 10 2013. “How I Became a Zionist.” 21 June 1921. Princeton Press 2002.
Einstein, Albert. The World As I See It. Translated By Alan Harris. Carol Publishing Group Edition. 1998. Secaucus, New Jersey. Copyright 1956
Einstein, Albert. “Albert Einstein Quotes.” 10 May 2013. Copyright 2012.
Einstein, Albert. “Letter to FDR.” 16 May 2012. 2 August 1939.
History Channel Online. Albert Einstein: Fact or Fiction? 10 May 2013. Copyright 1996-2013
NYSE Euronext. “Consolidated Tape.” 11 February 2012.
Rigden, John S. Einstein 1905 The Standard of Greatness.  Harvard University Press. Cambridge, Massachusetts. Copyright 2005.
Scarlett – History of Economic Theory and Thought. “ J.S. Mill’s Wage Fun Theory.” 1 May 2013. Copyright 2009.

[1] Einstein, Albert. The World As I See It. Translated By Alan Harris. Carol Publishing Group Edition. 1998. Secaucus, New Jersey. Copyright 1956
[2] Einstein, Albert. The World As I See It. Translated By Alan Harris. Carol Publishing Group Edition. 1998. Secaucus, New Jersey. Copyright 1956
[3] Scarlett – History of Economic Theory and Thought. “ J.S. Mill’s Wage Fun Theory.” 1 May 2013. Copyright 2009.
[4] Einstein, Albert. The World As I See It. Translated By Alan Harris. Carol Publishing Group Edition. 1998. Secaucus, New Jersey. Copyright 1956
[5] Einstein, Albert. The World As I See It. Translated By Alan Harris. Carol Publishing Group Edition. 1998. Secaucus, New Jersey. Copyright 1956
[6] NYSE Euronext. “Consolidated Tape.” 11 February 2012.
[7] Einstein, Albert. “Letter to FDR.” 16 May 2012. 2 August 1939.
[8] History Channel Online. Albert Einstein: Fact or Fiction? 10 May 2013. Copyright 1996-2013
[9] Einstein, Albert. “Albert Einstein Quotes.” 10 May 2013. Copyright 2012.
[10] Einstein, Albert. The World As I See It. Translated By Alan Harris. Carol Publishing Group Edition. 1998. Secaucus, New Jersey. Copyright 1956.